Список неисчисляемых существительных

Неисчисляемые существительные — это существительные, которые нельзя посчитать.

Мы не можем сказать: раз молоко, две любви, три темноты — это НЕисчисляемые существительные.

В статье приведу список 250 самых распространенных неисчисляемых существительных по алфавиту. Пытаться объединять похожие существительные в группы и причислять их к неисчисляемым — не стоит. Посмотрите, слово «лук» — исчисляемое существительное. А «чеснок» — неисчисляемое.Слово «ТВ» television — неисчисляемое, а «радио» исчисляемое и пишется с артиклем.

Вот здесь я написала ответ на вопрос: «Капуста» и другие овощи — исчисляемые существительные или нет?

Так же, совет, когда перед вами стоит вопрос: ставить артикль перед не исчисляемым существительным или нет опирайтесь на контекст. Вот наглядный пример: слово «снег» — неисчисляемое существительное. Но его вполне можно использовать с артиклем, исходя из контекста. Сравните эти два предложения:

We are getting snow this morning!
Our new dog loves the snow.

Еще момент, почему слово «комната» входит в список неисчисляемых, ведь комнаты вполне можно посчитать? Здесь тоже самое правило опирайтесь на контекст.

Что нужно знать про НЕисчисляемые существительные





1. НЕисчисляемые существительные не могут стоять во множественном числе:

Мы не можем сказать: темнот, нефтей, алкоголей, балетов.

2. Никогда не используйте существительные во множественном числе с окончанием — s —

I need some informationS. Не верно.
I need some information. Правильный вариант.

He gave me two adviceS. Неверно.
He gave me two pieces of advice. Правильный вариант.

I bought two milkS and three riceS. Неверно.
I bought two bottles of milk and two boxes of rice. Правильный вариант.

3. Если вы не уверены, какой артикль ставить перед существительным и не знаете: исчисляемое существительное перед вами или неисчисляемое, используйте следующие универсальные слова, которые используются с обоим типом существительных. Это поможет сделать ваше предложение грамматически правильным.

The, some, any, no , a lot of, lots of, enough, plenty of.

250 распространенных неисчисляемых существительных

A — B

Существительное Перевод Пример
 access  доступ  Only a few people have access to this information.
 accommodation  жилье  Does the company provide accommodation for the workers?
 adulthood  совершеннолетие  You’ll have more freedom in adulthood, but more responsibilities too.
 advertising  реклама  A lot of creative people work in advertising.
 advice  совет  If you’re not sure what to do, ask your friends for advice.
 aggression  агрессия  If he needs an outlet for his aggression, he could try boxing.
 aid  помощь  Should rich countries give more aid to poor countries?
 air  воздух  If there’s not enough air in the room, open a window.
 alcohol  алкоголь  Whiskey contains much more alcohol than beer.
 anger  гнев  Why was someone with so much anger allowed to own a gun?
 applause  аплодисменты  After the concert, the applause went on for at least five minutes.
 arithmetic  арифметика  I wanted to work in a bank because I was always good at arithmetic.
 art  искусство  If you want to learn about art, visit the national gallery.
 assistance  помощь, содействие  After calling 911 for assistance, we waited for an ambulance.
 athletics  легкая атлетика  Jenny’s very good at athletics, and she’s even won some medals.
 attention  внимание  The teacher found it difficult to get her students’ attention.
 bacon  бекон  Would you like some bacon with your scrambled eggs?
 baggage  багаж  The customs officer at the airport checked all my baggage.
 ballet  балет  My dad loved ballet, and he even took us to see Swan Lake.
 beauty  красота  Many poets have been inspired by the beauty of nature.
 beef  говядина  I don’t eat beef or pork, but I like fish and seafood.
 beer  пиво  It was a good party, but I think we drank too much beer.
 biology  биология  If you study biology, you’ll learn how amazing life really is.
 blood  кровь  When I studied botany, we often collected plants from forests.
 bread  хлеб  I sliced a loaf of bread and then made some sandwiches.
 business  бизнес  Before going into business, ask your father for some advice.
 butter  масло  Would you like some butter on your toast?

C-D

Существительное Перевод Пример
 carbon  углерод  Climate change occurs when there’s too much carbon in the air.
 cardboard  картон  We could get cardboard for our signs by cutting up old boxes.
 cash  наличные деньги  If you need some cash, go to an ATM machine.
 chalk  мел  Don’t forget to take some chalk to your class.
 chaos  хаос  There was chaos after the fire started, with people running in all directions.
 cheese  сыр  Do you want some extra cheese on your pizza?
 chess  шахматы  Do you feel like having a game of chess?
 childhood  детство  For most of my childhood, our family lived in London.
 clothing  одежда  We were poor, but we always had enough food and clothing.
 coal  уголь  My grandmother used to cook on a stove that burned coal.
 coffee  кофе  How many cups of coffee do you drink every day?
 commerce  коммерция  Some historians say commerce began about 10,000 years ago.
 compassion  сострадание  The Buddha taught us to feel compassion for all living things.
 comprehension  понимание  Sayoko’s comprehension of written English is excellent.
 content  содержание  This website’s content is great, and so is the design.
 corruption  коррупция  All this corruption has made many politicians very rich.
 cotton  хлопок  American farmers used African people as slaves to pick cotton.
 courage  мужество, храбрость  The protesters showed so much courage, knowing they could be shot at any moment.
 currency  валюта  How much local currency will I need to get a taxi from the airport?
 damage  повреждения  We couldn’t believe how much damage the storm had caused.
 dancing  танцы  My legs are sore after so much dancing in the club last night.
 danger  опасность  Before the hunter could shoot, the deer sensed the danger and ran off.
 data  данные  How much data can your computer’s hard drive store?
 delight  восторг  We took great delight in watching our kids act in the play.
 dessert  десерт  Would you like some ice cream for dessert?
 dignity  достоинство  He accepted his defeat with dignity, and waved to the crowd.
 dirt  грязь  My brother’s face was covered in dirt and his hair was a mess.
 distribution  распространение  Marketing ebooks is difficult, but distribution is easy.
 dust  пыль All the furniture in the empty house was covered in dust.

E-F

 Существительное Перевод  Пример
 economics  экономика One of our daughters wants to study economics at university.
 education  образование  To get on in this world, you need a good education.
 electricity  электричество  Electricity is dangerous, so don’t try to fix the wires yourself.
 employment  занятость  She graduated from university two years ago, but she still hasn’t found full-time employment.
 energy  энергия  Using clean energy like wind and solar power is better than burning coal or oil.
 engineering инжиниринг  If she likes learning about machines, she should study engineering.
 enjoyment  наслаждение  I never thought I’d get so much enjoyment from reading a book.
 entertainment  развлечение  Television is one of the cheapest forms of entertainment.
 envy  зависть  You should have seen the envy on Harry’s face when he saw his neighbour’s new car.
 equipment  оборудование  My gym costs more than hers, but it’s got much better equipment.
 ethics  этика  If schools taught ethics as a core subject, the world would be a much better place.
 evidence  доказательство  There’s a lot of evidence proving he was there, like fingerprints and DNA.
 evolution  эволюция  Some people still don’t believe in evolution from natural selection, despite all the scientific evidence.
 failure  неудача  Sometimes we learn more from failure than we do from success.
 faith  вера  I have faith in Mark because he always does what he says he’ll do.
 fame  известность  Lots of people dream of fame and fortune, but very few achieve it.
 fiction  фантастика  Alan’s favourite work of fiction is Lord of the Rings.
 flour  мука  If you’re going shopping, could you get some flour?
 flu  грипп  I’ve had the flu all week, and I can’t stop coughing and sneezing.
 food  еда  If you want to live a long and healthy life, eat good food.
 freedom  свобода  If you still don’t have freedom, you should be fighting for it!
 fruit  фрукты  Fruit is delicious, and it’s also really good for you.
 fuel  топливо  The pump stopped working because it’d run out of fuel.
 fun  веселье  Our kids had lots of fun at the beach today.
 furniture  мебель  My wife always wants to buy more furniture.

G-H

 Существительное Перевод  Пример
 garbage  мусор  Did you remember to take out the garbage?
 garlic  чеснок  People say garlic makes breath smell bad, but I can’t smell it.
 gas  газ/бензин  We didn’t used that much gas last month, did we?
 genetics  генетика  People who breed animals usually know a lot about genetics.
 glass  стекло  Bottles made of glass are better for recycling than plastic ones.
 gold  золото  European invaders stole a lot of gold from South America.
 golf  гольф  Why don’t we have a game of golf on Sunday afternoon?
 gossip  слухи  I can’t believe how much gossip I heard at Doreen’s dinner party.
 grammar  грамматика  We need activities that make learning grammar more interesting.
 grass  трава  The grass in the back yard’s getting too long, so I’d better cut it.
 gratitude  благодарность  Ricardo expressed his gratitude to all those who’d helped him.
 grief  горе  Maria was overcome with grief when her sister died.
 ground  земля  We lay with our backs on the ground and looked at the stars.
 guilt  вина  Do politicians feel any guilt when they start a war to boost their popularity?
 gymnastics  гимнастика  I really enjoyed watching the gymnastics at the Olympics.
 hair  волосы  Harry’s hair was long and blond when he was a teenager, but now it’s short and gray.
 happiness  счастье  They enjoyed many years of happiness together.
 hardware  оборудование  Your hardware is fine, but you need to get some new software.
 harm  вред  Luckily the storm didn’t do any harm to our fruit tress.
 hate  ненавидеть  Their eyes were full of hate as they beat and kicked their victim.
 hatred  ненависть  Why do they feel so much hatred towards gay people?
 health  здоровье  His health improved a lot after he started exercising.
 heat  жара  The heat from the fire kept us warm all night.
 height  высота  My brother and I are around the same height.
 help  помощь  How much help did you get with your homework?
 homework  домашние уроки  I did all my homework myself!
 honesty  честность  Are you speaking with complete honesty about this?
 honey  мед  Would you like some honey on your toast?
 hospitality  гостеприимство  We were amazed by the hospitality of the people in the village.
 housework  домашняя уборка  Does your husband do much of the housework?
 humour  юмор  Even though it was a serious movie, it had moments of humour.
 hunger  голод  By 2 o’clock in the afternoon, I was feeling pangs of hunger.
 hydrogen  водород  Hydrogen and oxygen combine to form water.

I-J

 Существительное Перевод  Пример
 ice  лед Would you like some ice in your drink?
 ice cream  мороженое  If I eat too much ice cream, I start to put on weight.
 importance  важность  The research shows the importance of regular exercise.
 inflation  инфляция  Inflation has made everything more expensive than before.
 information  информация  Do you think the information on this website is accurate?
 injustice  несправедливость  Nelson Mandela spent most of his life fighting injustice.
 innocence  невинность  Despite their innocence, many good people were sent to jail.
 intelligence  интелект  Do you think IQ tests really measure intelligence?
 iron  железо  In ancient Rome, knives and spear tips were made of iron.
 irony  ирония  As we stood in the rain, Julie said, with much irony, «Lovely weather, isn’t it?»
 jam  джем/варенье  Can I have some strawberry jam on my toast, please?
 jealousy  ревность  If she even looks at another guy, her boyfriend goes crazy with jealousy.
 jelly /Bre/  желе  Mum made some red jelly for dessert.
 jelly /Amer/  желе  Can I have one of your peanut butter and jelly sandwiches?
 joy  радость  When I held our first baby, tears of joy ran down my cheeks.
 judo  дзюдо  Did you know that judo is an Olympic sport now?
 juice  сок  Every morning I have a glass of freshly-squeezed orange juice.
 justice  справедливость  Those boys who were jailed for a crime they didn’t commit are still waiting for justice.

K-L

 Существительное  Перевод  Пример
 karate  каратэ My brother has a black belt in karate, so don’t bully me!
 kindness  доброта  If you speak and act with kindness, everyone will like you.
 knowledge  знание  We all need the knowledge and skills that an education provides.
 labour  труд  Does this price include the cost of labour?
 lack  отсутствие  The lack of English-speaking workers is a problem.
 land  земельный участок  How much of this land can be used for farming?
 laughter  смех  There’s always a lot of laughter in Maria’s classes.
 lava  лава  Look at all that lava coming down the side of the volcano!
 leather  кожа  If you’re going to ride a motorbike, wear a leather jacket.
 leisure  досуг  Her favourite leisure activities are reading and playing tennis.
 lightning  молния  Did you see all the lightning during the storm last night?
 linguistics  лингвистика  If you study linguistics, you’ll learn all about language and how it works.
 literature  литература  English literature was my favourite subject at school.
 litter  мусор  People who leave their litter behind are lazy and selfish.
 livestock  домашний скот  Are you sure the livestock on this farm is well-treated?
 logic  логика  Can you explain the logic behind your decision?
 loneliness  одиночество  She lives by herself, but she doesn’t suffer from loneliness.
 love  любовь  How many different kinds of love can you think of?
 luck  удача, везение  Kim never seems to have much luck when she gambles.
 luggage  багаж  Can I leave my luggage here while I go to the bathroom?

M-N

 Существительное Перевод  Пример
 machinery  машинное оборудование We’ll have to buy a lot of new machinery for the factory.
 magic  магия  You don’t really believe in the power of magic, do you?
 mail  почта  Who collects your mail while you’re away?
 management  управление  Without good management, a company won’t last long.
 mankind  человечество  He says mankind’s biggest challenge is global warming.
 marble  мрамор  Is this floor really made of Italian marble?
 mathematics  математика  If you want to be an engineer, you’ll have to study mathematics.
 mayonnaise  майонез  Do you want some mayonnaise on your salad sandwich?
 measles  корь  His body was covered in red spots, so we thought he had measles.
 meat  мясо  Did you buy this meat from our local butcher?
 metal  метал  Bicycle frames are usually made of light-weight metal.
 methane  метан  Is it possible to run a car on methane?
 milk  молоко  How many litres of milk do you drink every day?
 money  деньги  I’m trying to save enough money to buy a car.
 mud  грязь  I fell over and got mud all over my clothes.
 music  музыка  What sort of music do you like?
 nature  природа  The beauty of nature has inspired many artists and poets.
 news  новости  My dad watches the news on TV every night.
 nitrogen  азот  Did you know that you can’t see or smell nitrogen?
 nonsense  бред  You don’t believe all that nonsense about ghosts, do you?
 nurture  воспитание  Parents are responsible for the nurture of their young.
 nutrition  питание  If we eat for nutrition instead of taste, we’ll all be healthier.





O-P

 Существительное Перевод  Пример
 obedience  послушание Military commanders expect obedience from their troops.
 obesity  ожирение  Diseases caused by obesity kill millions of people every year.
 oil  нефть, масло  Saudi Arabia makes a lot of money from selling oil.
 oxygen  кислород  When you breathe in, your body gets oxygen from the air.
 paper  бумага  How many sheets of paper do you need?
 passion  страсть  People on both sides of the debate spoke with passion.
 pasta  макароны  Spaghetti, ravioli and lasagna are different types of pasta.
 patience  терпение  After waiting an hour to see a doctor, I ran out of patience and left.
 permission  разрешение  You’ll need permission from the boss if you want to leave early.
 physics  физика  These new theories in physics are difficult to understand.
 poetry  поэзия  Have you ever read the poetry of Walt Whitman?
 pollution  загрязнение  Most air pollution comes from cars and factories.
 poverty  бедность  Millions of people are still living in poverty.
 power  мощность  The police have the power to arrest and charge people.
 pride  гордость  We watched with pride as our son was awarded his medal.
 production  производство  Rice production has increased this year.
 progress  прогресс  I hope you’re making progress in your English.
 pronunciation  произношение  Your pronunciation of English is excellent.
 psychology  психология  My sister wants to study psychology.
 publicity  публичность  The royal wedding got a lot of publicity in the media.
 punctuation  пунктуация  Good punctuation will make your writing easier to read.

Q-R

Существительное Перевод  Пример
 quality  качество  Good quality shoes last longer than shoes of poor quality.
 quantity  количество  The police found a large quantity of stolen goods in the house.
 quartz  кварц  Quartz is often used in high-quality watches and clocks.
 racism  расизм  Racism is still a problem in many parts of the world.
 rain  дождь  All the farmers in our village are praying for rain.
 recreation  отдых  Our students want less homework and more time for recreation.
 relaxation  расслабление  Meditation is one of the best techniques for relaxation.
 reliability  надежность  The main selling points for this car are its safety and reliability.
 research  исследование  Before writing his book, he put a lot of time into research.
 respect  уважение  Children in Asia have a lot of respect for their teachers.
 revenge  жажда мести  The kids got together and planned their revenge on the bully.
 rice  рис  How much rice do you think we need to cook for the stir-fry?
 room  комната  Do you think there’s enough room for a piano in here?
 rubbish  мусор, хлам  Put any rubbish in that bin over there.
 rum  ром  Pirates like Blackbeard loved to drink rum.

S

 Существительное  Перевод  Пример
 safety  безопасность  My grandma always worries about safety in airplanes.
 salad  салат  Would you like some salad with your meal?
 salt  соль  Could you pass the salt and pepper, please?
 sand  песок  We went to the beach and built a castle out of sand.
 satire  сатира  A lot of political cartoonists use satire in their work.
 scenery  вид, пейзаж, декорации  The scenery in the mountains was magnificent.
 seafood  морепродукты  My wife loves seafood, especially lobster and prawns.
 seaside  побережье  Every year we spend our vacation at the seaside.
 shame  позор  I’ll never forget the shame I felt when I was caught stealing.
 shopping  поход по магазинам  Can’t you think of anything better to do in your free time than shopping?
 silence  тишина  After a moment of silence, we started talking again.
 sleep  спячка, сон  All animals need periods of sleep, even fish and frogs.
 smoke  дым  We could see the smoke, so we knew there was a fire.
 smoking  курение  Some politicians want to ban smoking in all public places.
 snow  снег  Does it ever snow in Brazil, or is it too hot?
 soap  мыло  There’s a new bar of soap in the cupboard in the bathroom.
 software  программное обеспечение  We used to buy software on discs, but now we download it.
 soil  почва  The soil would be healthier if we added manure and compost to it.
 sorrow  печаль  Can you imagine how much sorrow his mother must have felt?
 soup  суп  There’s a tin of tomato soup in the cupboard if you want it.
 speed  скорость  I wonder what the new Ferrari’s top speed is.
 spelling  правописание  If you read more books, your spelling will improve.
 sport  спорт  Do you think Uncle Bill watches too much sport on TV?
 steam  пар  Trains and ships used to be powered by steam.
 strength  прочность  Lifting that heavy sofa took all my strength.
 stuff  материал  What’s this brown stuff on the bottom of my shoe?
 stupidity  глупость, тупость  We’re all capable of stupidity from time to time.
 success  успех  Success is great, but you can learn a lot from failure too.
 sugar  сахар  How many teaspoons of sugar would you like in your tea?
 sunshine  солнечный свет  We need a few minutes of sunshine every day to stay healthy.
 symmetry  симметрия  The more symmetry there is in a face, the more beautiful it is.

T-V

 Существительное  Перевод  Пример
 tea  чай  Would you like a cup of peppermint tea?
 tennis  теннис  My grandma is too old for tennis, but she still plays golf.
 thirst  жажда  No matter how bad your thirst gets, don’t drink sea water!
 thunder  гром  There was a flash of lightning, and then a crack of thunder.
 timber  бревно  The frame is made of timber, but the walls are made of brick.
 time  время  How much time do you spend at your computer every day?
 toast  тост  Would you prefer jam or honey on your toast?
 tolerance толерантность  Parents and teachers should encourage tolerance among children.
 trade  сделка  How much is our trade with African countries worth?
 traffic  трафик  The traffic on Main Street is always bad in the morning.
 transportation  транспорт  Don’t forget the cost of transportation from the airport.
 travel  путешествие  How much travel will the job require?
 trust  доверие  A company that betrays a customer’s trust won’t last long.
 understanding  понимание  The classes will improve your understanding of grammar.
 underwear  нижнее белье  Don’t forget to take plenty of underwear on the trip.
 unemployment  безработица  Unemployment is a serious problem in many countries.
 unity  единство  College initiation rituals are meant to create unity in the group.
 usage  применение  Internet usage in China has increased a lot this year.
 validity  период действия  The officials checked the validity of everyone’s passport.
 veal  телятина  After petting a young calf, my son said he wouldn’t eat veal any more.
 vegetation  растительность  Elephants can eat many different kinds of vegetation.
 vegetarianism  вегетарианство  My doctor explained all the health benefits of vegetarianism.
 vengeance  месть  These two families have been carrying out acts of vengeance on each other for fifty years.
 violence  насилие  Both families want to end the violence, but they don’t know how to.
 vision  видение  The injury to his eye limited his vision.
 vitality  жизнеспособность  In their performance, all the dancers showed great vitality.

W-Z

 Существительное Перевод  Пример
 warmth  тепло We lay on the sand feeling the warmth of the sun on our bodies.
 water  вода  Is the water here safe to drink?
 wealth  богатство  His only goal in life was to accumulate more and more wealth.
 weather  погода  The weather here is always beautiful in spring.
 weight  вес  If I eat too much, I’ll start putting on weight.
 welfare  благосостояние  A government’s main responsibility is the welfare of its people.
 wheat  пшеница  Every year we export millions of tons of wheat.
 whiskey  виски  How many glasses of whiskey did you drink?
 width  ширина  The pool’s length is 100 metres, and the width is 20 metres.
 wildlife  живая природа  Do you think shooting wildlife should be called a sport?
 wine  вино  Shall we have a bottle of wine with our meal?
 wisdom  мудрость  There was a lot of wisdom in what our grandmother said.
 wood  древесина  Is Jenny’s new dining table made of wood?
 wool  шерсть  How much wool grows on a sheep in one year?
 work  работа  Try to find work doing something you love doing.
 yeast  дрожжи  If you don’t add yeast to the dough, the bread won’t rise.
 yoga  йога  Yoga has been practised in India for thousands of years.
 youth  молодость  Is it better to spend one’s youth travelling or studying?
 zinc цинк  Zinc is an important trace element, especially for men.
 zoology  зоология  Zoology is one of the most interesting branches of biology.

Источник: https://www.englishclub.com/vocabulary/nouns-uncountable-list.htm


22 thoughts on “Список неисчисляемых существительных

    1. нет. неисчисляемое.
      но повторю, это вовсе не говорит о том, что его можно использовать без артикля.
      все зависит от контекста.
      если укажете конкретные параметры глубины, то артикль нужен.

    1. тоже неисичляемое. см. выше мой ответ к слову — глубина.
      В целом manufacturing исп.без артикля. но если идет конкретика — то будет стоять артикль.

    1. animals — существительное во множ. числе.
      соответсвенно, см. правила «Артикли перед множ.числом.»
      Зачастую артикль НЕ ставится.

    1. см. выше, в комментах написала: «звезды» множ. число.
      нужен ли артикль в случае звезд» — завиист от контекста, чаще стоит опр. артикль the stars.
      «звезда» — исчисляемое.

    1. television — неисчисляемое. в самом начале сделала акцент на телевидении и радио.

  1. Вот смотрю, слово mankind- не исчисляемое существительное. Оно вообще с артиклем когда-нибудь употребялется?

    1. audit обычно используется в качестве глагола, соответственно артикля — нет.
      Что касается бух.аудита — и других видом аудита — артикль ставится — an/theв зависимости от контекста.
      Если речь о мн.числе, то артикль так же, опускается: Financial audits.

      1. Ирина, спасибо!
        Можно ли примеры слова, когда он выступает глаголом в предложении?

        1. When they audit you they pull your bank statements first before anything.
          if you are audited you may be asked to provide bank statements at the time of the audit.
          They only audit those who, are caught lying on their taxes.

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